CENSUS OF ILLICIT MARKETS
The Census on Illicit Markets is a database of criminal microdata related to illicit markets and their externalities, made available as a service of public interest aimed at all who wish to access reliable data about the phenomenon for research, analysis and formulation or evaluation of public policies, as well as evidence-based private control over illicit markets. The Census was initiated by the metropolitan region of São Paulo, formed by 39 municipalities and 22 million inhabitants, and it will be progressively expanded until the Triple Border in Paraná (Foz do Iguaçu), with the end date planned for April 2021. This is the region where 50 to 70% of illicit products circulate in Brazil, which we call Area 1.
ACCESS – through MAPA-CENSO, a geostatistical digital portal, with spatial data at the level of the census tracts (IBGE), which allows correlation with socioeconomic variables; and the CENSUS PANEL, a dashboard with quali-quanti graphic information from the Census database, in addition to correlations between detected illicit markets and situational and environmental dimensions.
INNOVATIVE PROCESS – we build a unique database, in which we capture, process and merge criminal data from different sources, such as public security departments, judiciary and news sites, and different criminal types, such as smuggling, theft, embezzlement, trafficking, counterfeit, corruption or homicide, captured from the police, the judiciary, the tax agencies and open sources, unified by the illicit market to which they belong.
COGNITIVE COMPUTING – the database was structured using innovative techniques and technologies for capturing, processing and merging criminal data, developed with cognitive computing and Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) resources to structure each occurrence collected according to the method of multidimensional crime analysis (MCA), developed by JHM Research.
MODERN CRIMINOLOGY – the MCA method establishes that crimes must be classified not only by the criminal type (legal and police dimension), but must be complemented by three other dimensions of analysis from modern criminology: the environmental dimension, with the identification of the type of the place where the event took place, expressed in the census sector; the situational dimension, in which the level of violence or sophistication employed by criminals in the action is assessed; and mainly the economic dimension (illicit market), in which it is precisely identified the product that the criminal sought to acquire, transport, sell or protect, which is why the crime occurred.
PROBLEM ORIENTED – CENSO’s structured database allows continuous monitoring of illicit markets and criminal problems, which enables the planning of control actions, allowing the decision maker or researcher to identify and prioritize the most active and harmful illicit markets present in his/her region and provide data to focus control actions on more strategic or important sectors or illegal activities.
INTERNATIONAL FOMENT – The project “Census of Illicit Markets – Platform for spatial data on illicit trade, related crimes and socioeconomic data for the formulation and evaluation of public policies on the triple Brazil-Paraguay-Argentina border”, is funded by PMI IMPACT, an Philip Morris International (PMI) global initiative that supports projects dedicated to combating illegal trade and related crimes.