CENSUS OF ILLICIT MARKETS
Base of criminal microdata related to illicit markets and their damages, with technical and scientific information available both for research activities and for the evaluation of public policies and private actions to control illicit markets.
The Census was initiated by the metropolitan region of São Paulo, formed by 39 municipalities and 22 million inhabitants, and it will be progressively expanded until the Triple Border in Paraná (Foz do Iguaçu), with the end date for April 2021. This is the region where 50% to 70% of illicit products circulate, and which we call Area 1.
Access to the database is made through MAPA-CENSO, a geostatistical digital portal with spatial data at the census sector level (IBGE), which allows correlation with socioeconomic variables.
INNOVATIVE PROCESS – a unique database for the collection and processing of criminal data from different sources such as public security departments, judiciary and news sites, and from different criminal types, such as contraband, theft, embezzlement, trafficking, forgery, corruption or homicide, analyzed from the illicit market to which they belong.
COGNITIVE COMPUTING – the database was structured using innovative techniques and technologies of cognitive computing and Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) to structure each occurrence collected according to the multidimensional crime analysis method (AMC), developed by JHM Research.
MODERN CRIMINOLOGY – the MAC method (Multidimensional Analysis of Crime) combines the classification of crimes by the criminal type (legal and police dimension) with three other dimensions of analysis derived from modern criminology: the environmental dimension, with the identification of the type of place where the event occurred, expressed in the census sector; the situational dimension, in which the level of violence or sophistication employed by criminals in the action is assessed; and mainly the economic dimension (illicit market), in which it is precisely identified the product that the criminal sought to acquire, transport, sell or protect, which is why the crime occurred.
PROBLEM-ORIENTED – Continuous monitoring of CENSO’s illicit markets and criminal problems enables the planning of more strategic and efficient control actions, since it is possible to identify the most active and harmful illicit markets by sector.
INTERNATIONAL FOMENT – The project “Census of Illicit Markets – Platform for spatial data on illicit trade, related crimes and socioeconomic data for the formulation and evaluation of public policies on the triple Brazil-Paraguay-Argentina border”, is financed by PMI IMPACT, an initiative of Philip Morris International (PMI) global network that supports projects dedicated to combating illegal trade and related crimes.